Largest Coast Redwoods | New Discovery | 2008 - 2017
Last 1/2 page covers redwood explorers 1963-2006 & other notes
Copyright 2014 - 2017 | by Mario Vaden | I.S.A. Certified Arborist - PNW 5584A
Redwood National and State Parks now has the tallest & widest redwoods surpassing all giant sequoias for girth and height. Coast redwoods below are a handful of new 2008 - 2017 discoveries. Upwards of 200 new diameter records, titans, champions and 18 ft. - 28 ft. (+) redwoods. The largest disclosed is Grogan's Fault. Enough 24 ft. (+) that I quit counting. Even a 235 ft. weeping Hemlock. At least two Sequoia sempervirens apparently meet and exceed General Sherman's (Sequoiadendron) 1321 points by upward of 40 points (±). Ever since the 2008 discovery of Orion, Dog Soldier and other in Redwood National Park, it was evident more exist. For some not shown, the menu #1 is assigned to The Emissary. Albino redwoods were discovered in Prairie Creek, Jedediah Smith and Humboldt Redwoods (highest concentration): see Albino Redwoods. New discovery exceeds the 1998 Grove of Titans and these days the 20 tallest seem like gum drops in contrast. Updates: another champion was found in RNSP, January 30, 2016, named "Hail Storm". Recent years opened new observations too, like Howland Hill Giant being a fused double redwood. To get 2017 started, meet DARTH VADER
Read more below the image ... person shown for for scale
Some discoveries haven't been fully unveiled, but any redwood or grove may appear at any time on any page including the mystery pages added 2017. Anything may appear generically, entire or in-part.
Regarding Grogan's Fault, Michael Taylor was looking at a point cloud 3-D model and commented "not surprise me if the total volume of this beast is over 40K cubic feet." For Melkor, May 2015, Taylor wrote the main trunk is 33,500 cu. ft.. Del Norte Titan main trunk is 33,670 cu. ft. with 9.5% volume from 43 reiterated trunks. Iluvatar has 12.3% in over 100 reiterated stems and the main trunk is 32,890 cu. ft. In light of new finds, Grove of Titans no longer has the largest coast redwoods. 2008 opened a new era of discovery.
In 2014, John Montegue of Humboldt found a coast redwood in Redwood National Park with circumference 107.8 ft or 34.31 ft. ground diameter and 27 ft. dbh. Weeks later I found a redwood 27.4 ft. diameter dbh. May, 2015, John reported a record 29.2 ft. diameter dbh, single trunk over 25,000 cu. ft. Then John and Michael Taylor found a 24.5 ft coast redwood July, 2015. John discovered a 25 ft. diameter redwood later July, 2015. August 2015, I photographed one more 24 ft. dbh that Chris Atkins identified in RNP near the coastal trail. Then another was remeasured at 28 ft. So many I quit counting, but John keeps track of all data. His list of known 18' and wider coast redwoods is closing-in on 400. The discoveries launched coast redwood ahead of all giant sequoia for diameter. Numbers used for giant sequoia often state ground level to sound bigger. But for ground or chest-high (dbh) coast redwood became widest 2014 to 2017. Recently I added the Church redwood on the blog. It's girth is almost as wide as Del Norte Titan, and a cave that is practially a record for largest goose pen in a living coast redwood.
Chris Atkins and Ron Hildebrant the math whiz from Humboldt, number-crunched 38,299 cu. ft. for Grogan's Fault, the biggest single stem redwood disclosed at the time. The 38,299 cu. ft. was just the main trunk, excluding all reiterated trunks which add more volume. By 2013 - 2017, we were aware of more in the 40,000 - 60,000 cu. ft. league. It reasoned something this large remained around Redwood National Park. The stats are recorded on a data list of coast redwoods with dbh diameters 18' - 34'. A few most spectacular tower in Brünnhilde Gulch. Also see updates at Hyperion.
My exploring friend Thomas also helped get momentum going and is slated to return from Germany, May 2017. We will take a third jab past Bigfoot Ridge and see what else we can find.
More below the image ... Chris Atkins shown for scale
Explorers of the Redwood Coast
Among the explorer network, Ron Hildebrant goes back years with Michael Taylor. After Dyerville Giant of Humboldt Redwoods fell March 24, 1991, after a strorm, Michael and Ron teamed-up to calculate height using marks on the adjacent "Cat Scratch" redwood. Dyerville Giant was discovered around 1966 by University of California scientist Paul Zinke and graduate student Allen Stangenberger. Taylor and Hildebrant realized the fallen Dyerville Giant was actually an unknown potential world record.
In February 1993, by phone, Zinke told Michael Taylor to watch for his other finds tagged 12, 13, 14, or the Three Peas in a Pod. Taylor and Hildebrant first became friends around Christmas 1990, and their first expedition together was February 1991 in Humboldt Redwoods State Park searching for tallest redwoods. Between that winter and the next summer is when Taylor began his quest for largest coast redwoods. Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park was Taylor's starting point.
Michael Taylor and Steve Sillett met autumn 1994 after Taylor spotted a super tall coast redwood. When Sillett arrived with a climbing team to measure, he noticed a small #12 tag, meaning it must be one of Zinke's Peas in the Pod. This is the same redwood they named Telperion. The group also spent a night up in it high canopy during a small rain storm, sleeping in customized hammocks called Tree Boats, acquired from New Tribe of Oregon. Telperion fell during the next strong storm 1 or 2 months later. The team may have escaped death by a matter of weeks. By 1996, Sillett climbed and confirmed Taylor's Mendocino redwood as a new world record for that era; 367.5 ft. And they found others together around the same time like Pipe Dream in Humboldt Redwoods State Park.
1987, Sillett's first exposure to the famous redwoods overlapped enrollment at Reed College where he studied botany. He eventually went camping at Prairie Creek, involving his legendary free-climb of a big redwood with friend Marwood. They used a smaller adjacent redwood's limbs to reach 70 feet, then leaped into the big one, and to the top. They obviously made their way down, but with some conflict with yellow jackets. The same week, Taylor, who had already experienced the redwoods at a younger age, was 15 miles away with a tour group in Redwood National Park.
In 1996, Sillett was hired to teach at Humboldt State University, and moved to Arcata from Corvallis, Oregon, three years after meeting Taylor. Sillett was very busy but managed to squeeze in a few hikes and bushwhacks with Taylor. Sillett also applied to Redwood National Parks at that time to climb coast redwoods for research. That is when Redwood National Parks established a permit process for scientists. There was no established climbing permit process for redwoods before. This is when the study and climbing began in Iluvatar and Atlas Grove redwoods. Sillett already knew Robert Van Pelt, a long-time explorer of other Pacific NW forests. He contacted VanPelt, taught him redwood climbing techniques, then Robert (Bob) joined the Atlas Grove study project. In 1997, Sillett called Taylor and started teaming with him to explore Redwood National Park on foot for more tallest redwoods. 1998 is the year Sillett and Taylor discovered Lost Monarch up in Jedediah Smith, the largest coast redwood known for that era.
Soon after in 2000, Atkins heard about Taylor. They met and teamed together for many explorations including discovery of the world records Helios and Hyperion in 2006. Earlier, Atkins broke the world record himself in 2000, with Statosphere Giant in Humboldt Redwoods State Park; it displaced the Mendocino coast redwood for at least four years. Together they found at least another hundred redwoods 350 ft. and taller.
We should note Paul Zahl, who, in 1963, led a small National Geographic expedition to what later became Redwood National Park. Finding no world record at first, he flew back east, but returned shortly and discovered the Libbey redwood: a world record that held the title for quite a few years. Zahl seems one of the shortest-lived redwood explorers, but I think the effort deserves attention. His discovery was also useful leverage to help secure Redwood National Park. Much of their quest did not have the present-day trail system to get around. He practically had to bushwhack the midst and banks of Redwood Creek. They finally found an old logging road to get into new spots.
Most of these discoverers are named in Forest Giants of the Pacifc Coast by Robert Van Pelt, or Richard Preston's non-fiction redwood adventure book. This is part of the network in a nutshell. Check out my review page on that Preston book because another explorer of a different sort is mentioned: G. F. Beranek.
Around 2008, I was contacted by Steve Sillett and Michael Taylor, about a month or two apart. Taylor invited me to explore and explained his methods. Sillett invited me to check out potential study plots and explore with him and Dr. Robert Van Pelt (aka The Lorax). Eventually Sillett offered me part time work assisting Chris Atkins to measure other tallest redwoods associated with a LiDAR project. In those years and following, I found new notable or record trees with them, some on my own, and met other people involved with the research network: Marie Antoinne, Jim Spickler, Giacomo Renzullo, Anthony Ambrose, Dr. Hiroaki Ishii and Kenneth Fisher. This is where I joined the redwood forest network.
For the LiDAR redwoods, Chris Atkins preferred camping, and we spent many evenings enjoying campfires and talking about the day's adventures as fog rolled-in over the redwood park. The few times I helped Steve Sillett, cabin lodging was in style, with home-cooked meals.
I still have strong interest for exploring, but started photography and portraiture through my redwoods experience and plan to focus on that more. But I still keep an eye out for notable redwoods.
Meanwhile, I watch a few others picking up the quest of exploring. Zane Moore is an albino redwood enthusiast and committed his path to related college education. Zane will follow the path of botany and forestry, but presently his experience is minimal. John Montegue has an emphasis looking for fat redwoods and recording dimensions. But aside from Zane, hardly any new redwood explorer understands nuts & bolts of horticultuture, evergreen ID, soils, etc..
What really set apart explorers like Van Pelt, Sillett and Taylor, was not enjoyment for giant redwoods or a good eye for spotting new discoveries. It was their connection with the forest, understanding it more with every season. Each one of them was a forester, arborist and naturalist of a sort - even Chris Atkins is more of a naturalist than some realize. These men and their collaborators went beyond the basics of knowledge. They practically read the forest like a book, learning it's story unfold as countless chapters continue to be written.
Leaks & Breaking with Tradition
Some remarkable redwood photos and stats were withheld after learning about a few people who triggered damage around various redwoods, so the full extent of new discovery wasn't unveiled. More about this at Screaming Titans. B Also, people inquired if we found a coast redwood exceeding General Sherman. The question is best left unanswered because the Sierra Nevada is better prepared for crowds. People can be content with old landmarks like the Big Tree in Prairie Creek.
We decided not to nominate Grogan's Fault or others to American Forests, breaking with tradition. For decades the trend was that big tree "hunters" nominate virtually every new discovery for a stamp of approval to make it bonafide. We realized no approval is needed or any need to reveal every name and detail.
Plus, a good number of people prefer some mystery anyway.
Taylor, Atkins and Hildebrant became so accurate measuring, there's no need for climbers. Plus, it's those men's measuring skill that puts a stamp of approval on American Forests. I have seen Taylor measure within 1 millimeter of a team's tape drop. And this is not scientific study that needs peer review. It's available with lasers to know minimum volume for "raising the bar". When maximum volume is not needed there's no need to escalate activity. Even with other discoveries like Tsunami my own measurement was on the money with no need for climbing. The Oregon Sitka spruce measure also suggested breaking with tradition.
Redwoods people encounter & emails
People often send emails about redwoods they encounter, wondering "does it have a name?" ... what does this tag mean? ... has it been found before? In a nutshell, almost nobody except Montague or Moore found something noteworthy that Taylor, Sillett, Atkins or Hidebrandt hadn't seen years ago. For example, one coast redwood mentioned by Redwood-Ed and measured by John in 2016 was trunk-wrapped with Lowell Cottle in October 2008, viewed again with Chris Atkins in 2011, and likely by Taylor & Sillett prior to 2003. It's name Redwood-Ed seemed appropriate for that vigorous redwood though, since Redwood Ed (Gilbert) is known to flaunt some horsepower in his modified Porsche. And personally, I enjoy redwood names for reference, rather than
Unless somebody finds something in a rare size class never heard of, discoverers or researchers may have little interest. Occassionally an old discovery is worth measuring more completely. But 99% of the time people write about redwoods that were seen or archived. Most people don't realize how far off roads and trails they need to explore these days to enter unexplored territory. John keeps track of every 18 ft. dbh coast redwood. But I will put on the record here that an 18 footer list has no more value than a man feels it's worth, especially since since some 16 footers that don't make the list exceed volume some 18 footers that all make the list. The merit of the list is almost 100% subjective, and can be considered purely recreational from a certain point of view.
Enjoy your adventure !!
Inside scoop about permits
Redwood National and State Parks rangers said they prefer permits for activity like wrapping tapes around trunks or using rangefinders to gather data. I applied for and received 2 research permits in 2014 and 2015, then wrote a report for each year. Several discoveries were found before or afterward, and I am not obligated to keep those finds undisclosed. But I limit the locations to myself and a handful of exploring friends. These days I priimarily take scenic photos which does not require a permit. A good number of other people are searching and data gathering. Dozens of them. Virtually every one of them decided to stay under the radar and skip the permits altogether.
I can't blame those other people for bypassing permits. It's a long story, but In 2015, someone with first-hand knowledge confirmed a "ranger" told the location of an undisclosed (at the time) research project redwood, and pparently contrary to park policy. This confirmed emails over the years about someone on the parks' payroll breaking policy. The net effect boils down to people boycotting permits to hopefully better-protect their discoveries.
$1000.00 donation for the Grove of Titans
In 2016, a letter and check was sent to the Department of Parks and Recreation to help contend with environmental impact at the Grove of Titans in Jedediah Smith park. For their purpose I am listed as the sender, but a large part came from someone we can express a big thank you (Mark G.)
The donation can be for signs, trail or other needs. I added extra cash to the check to compensate for gofundme's fee and the final contribution matches every penny given. Photos showing impact are provided on my Screaming Titans redwood page. A copy to the donated check should be on another page called Impact to a Grove . Those two pages explain more, and the images are worth 1000 words.