Falcon's Tower spruce, the Oregon champion Sitka spruce
Sitka Spruce at the Oregon Coast
Copyright 2011 - 2017 - Certified Arborist documentary by M. D. Vaden
Falcon's Tower is the genuine champion Sitka Spruce of Oregon, based on rules and the point system commonly accepted across the USA. I needed to independently disqualified the measurement by Ascending the Giants performed for the Oregon registry. Explained in detail below. My measurement was the only one based on the required diameter at 4.5 feet above average grade for both spruce. ATG did not follow American Forest's standards. Recently, Chris Atkins and I discovered a Coast Redwood close to 1307 points. Due to the spruce measure debacle by ATG, we postponed nominating that redwood to American Forests. We also learned ATG leaked locations of tree discoveries to news media. American Forests can demand more accuracy for national champions. But has no authority over state level registries and only provides the recommended guidelines.
Several unique Sitka Spruce are shown below, among the largest known in Oregon. We will begin with Falcon's Tower which has the most points. Followed by Cape Meares, Klootchy Creek and octopus spruce. In 2008 Cape Meares replaced Klootchy Creek spruce for largest spruce in Oregon. Falcon's Tower was found more recently and is 80 feet taller. These are all very large and interesting conifers along the northern Oregon coast.
Falcon's Tower, Oregon's Largest
Discovery: The photo is Falcon's Tower Sitka Spruce near Manzanita and Cannon Beach in one of Oregon's state parks. Falcon's Tower was discovered May 22, 2011 on the heels of our world's Tallest Pine & Tallest Hemlock discoveries. I nominated Falcon's Tower for the Oregon Registry, August 2011. This Spruce was mis-measured by the Oregon Registry cadre Ascending the Giants. Their results are included after my measurements. Even though the ATG team wrapped around a fat burl on the Cape Meares spruce to greatly inflate its points, Falcon's Tower still exceeds it by a few points if done properly.
My measuring for Falcon's Tower spruce began May, 2011. Then in July, 2011, I returned with help for a second measurement:
Height - 224 ft.
Circumference - 504 in.
1/4 Crown Estimate - 22 ft.
Total Points - 750
I also located Falcon's Tower on Google Earth and the scale showed that the 1/4 crown spread of 22 ft. was acceptable for 22 points. That also dismisses ATG's casual eye-balling from the ground.
The circumference was 504 inches and the diameter was 13.51 ft. DBH. The 224 ft. towers over the stubby 144 ft. of Cape Meares Spruce.
There is about 10 feet elevation difference between the high and low sides of the trunk.
Comparison of this Spruce to the Cape Meares Sitka was supposed to be based American Forest system. But the Ascending the Giants team failed to measure the diameter accurately at average dbh. The diameter should have been measured about 5 ft. lower than where the man in the image is holding the tape. There was a large root he is kneeling on. Instead of measuring at 4.5 ft. above average grade, Ascending the Giants measured about 9 ft. above average grade.
The Red Arrow points to ATG's tape wrap level. The Yellow Arrow beneath the man should have been the proper place to measure diameter according to American Forests standards. It would have taken but a few minutes to bridge the root using something a pair of plumb-lines. But ATG quit without completing the work. In other words, ATG did not really measure the diameter. Click these images for a few extra views. Captions should be underneath.
Falcon's Tower was measured September 25, 2011, by the Oregon Registry volunteers Ascending the Giants. The crown spread they merely guessed at, wandering and eyeballing like they did for the Cape Meares spruce. At Cape Meares, I used my laser and found the eye-balling method appeared to be off as much as 15 feet on one side alone. Compared to other people I worked with anddown in the redwoods, Ascending the Giants seemed like amateurs. Taylor and Atkins in the redwoods put forth more effort and technique.
In the end, ATG did not report back with final numbers but said they did not come up with enough points. When they measured Cape Meares spruce, they wrapped the tape around a big burl that inflated points. And for Falcon's Tower diameter points were diminished by wrapping too high. Ascending the Giants said the 1/4 crown points "are not as important" as height and circumference". The statement was surprising because every point should be important.
In light of the burl wrap on Cape Meares and wrapping too high on Falcon's Tower, it leaves the question why they even bothered at all. But after watching them, it became apparent they hastened through the taller spruce measure to spend more time with the stocky spruce which was their favorite. That's why I'm glad to have taken photos to keep this constrained to facts.
It took a couple of days, but I finally realized why the team was so skittish and avoided eye contact when I inquired why they were not taking time to bridge the the root on Falcon's Tower with the same ease the redwood experts used for the world's tallest hemlock down in Prairie Creek redwoods. They were looking for an opportunity to bail out and leave Falcon's Tower incompletely measured to ensure the Cape Meares Spruce would be the only one with complete points.
Klootchy Creek Spruce - the Fallen One
The Klootchy Creek Giant Spruce below in 2004 while it was still alive. 6 miles east of Seaside, Oregon.
The Klootchy Creek Spruce broke in a storm, December 2, 2007. It was 204 feet tall, 16.7 feet diameter dbh, and over 850 points on the National champion list.
It was a co-champion with the Washington Sitka Spruce at Quinault.
Even the remnants are interesting.
The deck was removed but the lower trunk was left standing. The location is barely a minute off Hy. 26 with ample parking. If you want a good idea what the Klootchy spruce was like before if broke, drive up to Quinault, because that spruce is very similar in size and volume.
Cape Meares Spruce - the Pseudo-champion
Oregon Champion Spruce replacement: the pseudo-champion
After the collapse of the Klootchy Creek Spruce, another Sitka near Tillamook and Cape Meares, became the new Oregon champ by default with 743 points (2011). Its only 144 feet tall. That was a logical substitute back then.
It was measured by Ascending the Giants.
The Cape Meares Spruce is at Cape Meares State Scenic Viewpoint and National Wildlife Refuge.
The trunk was published 15.27 ft. diameter or 576 inches circumference. But the tape was wrapped around a protruding burl, inflating its points.
In the photo to the right, you can see the tape being wrapped around the large burl.
Crown spread was said to be 93 ft. But the method used was crude. The team wandered the ground staring up trying to eyeball a guess whether they were under the branch tips. I tested the wandering method and found it can be off by 15 feet easily. My test compared their wandering eye method to my laser's precision.
If the Cape Meares spruce had been measured by Michael Taylor instead of ATG, its certain Michael would have dealt with the burl much better.
Octopus Spruce of Cape Meares Explained
Change of pace here for a moment ...
Enlarge the photo to the right, to see the Octopus Spruce which grows in the same area as Cape Meares Spruce.
The sign for it says that the form is a mystery people have debated about. Almost certainly we cannot know for a fact what happened ... but chances are about 90% that it resulted from a simple occurance. When the Spruce was young with a trunk not much bigger than 14" to 20" in diameter, a storm snapped the trunk, or another trunk nearby fell and broke it, just above a whorl of limbs.
The extended length of the curved trunks (up to 16 feet outward) from the center, connote that it was not just 10 feet tall with 1 inch diameter branches. The branches would have to have been about 2 to 4 inches in diameter, and in relatively good health with foliage. And the branches would need to have already been about 10 to 14 feet long when the breakage occured. This also suggests something else ... that this Spruce was not in a thick grove ... probably more in the open, maybe with just a few others around it. Otherwise, in thick groves, the lower limbs die and decay fairly quickly: evident by the grove you will walk through to see this one. Just look at all the understory stubs in the shady grove.